characteristics of stem of coconut tree

Taking into account their importance in the world economy in general and that of Cameroon in particular, certain plants with shells or hard cores deserve more attention in order to optimize the potentials that this waste represents. They are also used as fillers in mosquito coils, agarbathis and also in synthetic resin glues. The coconut spathe is the scope-like structure that encloses the inflorescences (the flowers) of the tree. Definition of Stem: Stem is usually the above-ground erect ascending part of the plant body that develops from the plumule, bears leaves and flowers, grows by means of a terminal bud and shows distinction of nodes and inter-modes. Here are all the uses of a coconut tree and its parts. coconut tree provides clothing, utensils and shelter therefore, is an important source of earning livelihood to the people of coconut growing states. Coconut tree has one stem only without any trunk, and the stem doesn’t have ray cells. It gives you the idea of how the plant looks, where the seed pod will be, what the seed will be like, etc. The botanical name of sandalwood is Santalum album. Coconut, fruit of the coconut palm, a tree of the palm family. coconut stem. The fruit is quite interesting; it can grow up to 15 inches in length and 12 inches in circumference. Stem. Characteristics of Stem 3. The coconut has a thick fibrous husk surrounding a single-seeded nut. At one time scientists identified over 60 species of Cocos palm. The natural characteristics of coconut tree during its growth cause coconut beam and plank free from knot. Racemose Branching: In racemose or monopodial branching the apical bud of the plant grows indefinitely giving rise to a straight stem axis or podium on which the lateral buds grow in acropetal succession, i.e. The Coconut tree is most special plant. Size The taproot of the dandelion is as thick as ½ inch in the largest specimens, notes the Virginia Tech Weed Identification Guide. Various types of plant organs such as leaves, branches, buds, flowers etc. The stem haves nodes and the parts found between them are known as internodes. Give the general characteristics of the palm tree referring to the following parts a. Lateral Branching: Branching is racemose or cymose according as the lateral buds are less vigorous or more vigorous than the apical bud. A coconut palm is a woody perennial monocotyledon with the trunk being the stem. Although, coconut shells have been successfully used in the production of activated carbons, there is little information about using steam activation, especially the effects of carbonization temperature on the characteristics of porosity in coconut-shell-based activated carbons has not been investigated completely. As a sapling, it takes water and nutrients from the roots of the host plants. As the coconut tree is propagated by seed, they are subjected to some variations which can be distinguished in the trees, fruits and leaves. The plant's Family is Aceraceae. to palm trees of which nearly 70% are unexploited. As such, there are hundreds of vernacular names for the coconut types (Figure 4.1). It can be polished and varnished to make containers. Tall coconut palms are usually cross-pollinated, and are subjected to the most variations. The results gave the compressive strength parallel to the grain for air dry condition to be equal to 12.41 N/mm 2 while the compressive strength for oven dry condition was 12.85 N/mm 2. It is one of the most important crops in the tropics. India contributes about 15.46% in area and 26.34% in terms of production of coconut in the world. Banana-trees produce generally 30 large leaves (almost 2 m long and 30–60 cm wide). The stem is smooth, light gray in color and has prominent leaf scars. The life cycle of a palm is like that of most flowering plants except that the early vegetative phase is often prolonged because the palm stem generally attains its maximum girth below ground before it begins to grow upward. The coconut palm tree can be identified by several characteristics: its columnar trunk, its 15- to 17-foot-long and 4-foot-wide feathery shaped leaves that occupy the crown of the tree and its fibrous covered fruit. Coconut trees are some of the most exotic and healthy plants in the world. It is also termed white sandalwood because the heartwood is white. The chemical composition of fiber was analyzed according to TAPPI Methods. It adds to the beauty of the garden. Stem or trunk . When it is thoroughly sawn, seasoned, completely dried, treated and machined, the coconut wood can perform at an equal, or even better than the conventional hardwood. The disease was first reported in Sri Lanka (1), caused severe damage to PB-121 hybrids in Indonesia (2), and is now known to occur in many other coconut-producing countries. Light microscopy (LM) and transmission electron microscopy A palm stem is a long, cylinder tube, many times without branches. The slender and branchless trunk reaches a height of 20-25 meters or more. The stem is topped with a crown of 60–70 spirally arranged leaves. The coconut palm is a monocotyledon; it has an erect pole-like stem and symmetrical crown; the trunk is 30-40 cm in diameter sometimes reaching a meter at the base. Two parts of a banana-tree were … Tall coconut palms. No part goes to the waste as every layer has or had a use somewhere in the world, making it worthy of the title the tree of life.. LPG equivalent of energy produced by one tree/year. A 10-kg LPG tank has an energy value of 11800 KCal. In line with the investigation of [9,11] also carried out an experiment on a 40-year old coconut palm tree’s stem both in different lateral positions and in different height positions. Identifying Characteristics. The stem grows positive phototropic, negative hydrotropic and negative geotropic. Structural characterization of coconut tree leaf sheath fiber reinforcement The nodes bear leaves having axillary buds. The coconut crop is grown in 12.2 Million hectares of land which constituted about 0.7% of net crop area of the world. Tall coconut varieties take 3-4 years to develop a stem above the ground. For sure, the answer must be a no. Coconut is a fruit that has multi-functional uses and coconut shell powder is one of them. There are over 150 species of coconuts that can be found in 80 different countries throughout the world. The stem of the tree (coconut, oil and date palm) is between 10 and 20 (25) m long, has a base diameter of 40-60 cm and a taper of 0.3-0.7 cm/m. Figure 1.1: The coconut tree 1.2 Problem Statement The emulsion is known to be naturally stabilized by coconut proteins: globulins and albumins and phospholipids (Birosels et al., 1963). It takes 11 -12 months for the coconut to mature. Its cultivation is absolutely sustainable. CHARACTERISTICS OF STEM. Coconut timber comes from farmed plantations of old coconut palms. (A ‘Spathe’ is a large leaf that enclose the flower to keep certain plants such as palms, arums, and dayflowers.) The whole part of this tree will having so different usage. That is because they grow naturally in such regions. Coconut tree grows only in the tropical climate. The various species of palm vary in stem size, with some being smooth and others having remnants of previous branch growth. It has black or red barks, long leaves, small red flowers, and black fruits. The only form of exploitation in use is the form of fuel. Botanically, the coconut palm is not a tree since there is no bark, no branches, or secondary growth. The chlorophyll is found in the young stem, but it is absent in woody stem. In scientific classification of Coconut Tree, Family is a main factor. (1, 2, 3) Scientific Name Of Sandalwood Oil. Banana and coconut fibers were obtained from banana-trees (Musa acuminata) and coconut-tree (Cocos nucifera L.) collected in Guadeloupe. The value of a coconut tree as a fuel producer is better appreciated when Kilocalories are translated into LPG-tanks. The coconut tree uses its different parts to perform different functions for its own benefit and our benefit. Coconut … The Coconut tree/palm is one of the oldest flowering tree in the world, the coconut flowers blossom only after 7 to 10 years depending on the species. The coconut palm was planted as a crop in large plantations throughout the tropics in the early half of the 20th century in order to harvest the coconut fruit. The coconut is used for making curries, and cut that coconut and keep it dry. Because of its specific characteristic, coconut wood has very different properties than softwood or hardwood. Most people just drink the milk and eat the flesh of coconut fruit, but not many might be aware of how its leaves and barks have many beneficial effects too. The tree is parasitic. However, to our knowledge, this is the first report of the disease in China. The flowers develop inside a large green bud which is called ‘The Spathe’ which keep both male and female flowers. Palm Trees – Characteristics and Varieties – Ever imagined a beach without the beautiful palm tree? Different Uses of Coconut. Coconut tree is a plant that belongs to the family Arecaceae. Characteristic morphological features. The taproot grows as long as 6 inches, making dandelions hard to remove easily. Knowing more about which parts of a coconut tree to use will enable us to take care of the tree and produce more. Once formed, it does not increase in diameter due to the absence of a cambium. This plant live on the sandy soil, requires a lot of sunlight and regular rainfalls. Other trees add new growth to the outside of the trunk. Functions. A hard shell encloses the insignificant embryo with its abundant endosperm, composed of both ‘meat’ and liquid. 1. Palm trees, coconut tree. Forms 5. The coconut palm has an erect or slightly curved stem which grows from a swollen base. Being monocotyledons palms show distinct differences of the wood structure compared to common wood species. Unlike other trees, palms add new growth to the inside of the stem. conifer or deciduous trees. Coconut wood is the processed stem fiber from the farmed plantations of coconut palms. The powder is manufactured from matured coconut shells, which are used for making of plywood and laminated boards. The leaves are long (up to 7 m/23 ft), pinnately divided and composed of 200–250 tapering leaflets. That is the reason which makes this tree a great landscaping option as well. Table 6 gives the desired information. Branching 4. Stem bleeding of coconut is known to occur in production areas worldwide. At first there is a soft, slowly expanding stem decay that blackens with age. A palm trunk are usually a straight, unbranched stem, though rarely the trunk will divide into two branches. The chemical composition, anatomical characteristics, lignin distribution, and cell wall structure of oil palm frond (OPF), coconut (COIR), pine-apple leaf (PALF), and banana stem (BS) fibers were analyzed. Coconut tree does not tolerate low temperatures and low percent of humidity. The branch remnants appear as dry, paper-like bark on the trunk of the tree. Every part of a coconut tree can be useful and nutritious. Stemless varieties are similar to a large bush. Modification 6. The tree and the fruit are universally referred to as the coconut. 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